Often taken for granted, brushing and flossing your teeth consistently can help you avoid gum disease and other oral health issues. Studies have shown that gum disease is on the rise in the UK, especially in teenagers and adults.
Gum disease is highly preventable. At Healthy Smile Centre, your dentist in Alexandria, we will examine your teeth and gums thoroughly and look for early signs of gum disease such as sensitive, red or swollen gums. If pockets have already formed around your gums, your dentist in Alexandria will perform deep cleaning to help your gum tissue reattach to your teeth.
What is gum disease?
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an oral condition that affects patients gradually. It is caused by the accumulation of bacteria, in the form of plaque, on the teeth and around the gum line. Other factors that can increase your chances of gum disease include:
· smoking and tobacco use
· grinding or clenching your teeth
· certain medications.
Types of gum disease include gingivitis (early stage gum disease) and periodontitis (advanced stage gum disease). Gingivitis is easy to miss and often goes undetected because it may not be accompanied by painful symptoms. Patients with gingivitis may experience some sensitivity or swollen gums. If you see blood every time you brush your teeth, you are advised to book an appointment with your dentist in Alexandria as soon as possible as this is another sign of gum disease.
Periodontitis is a more serious condition and can lead to tooth and bone loss if not treated properly. A common outcome of periodontitis is the degeneration of the bone and tissue around the teeth and the formation of deep pockets between the teeth and gums.
What to look out for
If you have red or bleeding gums, bad breath, sensitive teeth or you feel that your gums are receding, it is best to see your dentist in Alexandria at once. Recent studies connect gum disease to potentially serious conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. Depending on the type of gum disease you have, treatment ranges from a simple cleaning to antibiotics and/or surgery.